why did luke edit mark's gospel
No firm conclusions can be reached, but in all likelihood, he left the story out because it didn’t fit one or more of his theological objectives. “Neil, this is actually rather useful. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Luke Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. According to course materials (Bible, textbook, digital materials linked below, etc. [b] This Paragraph indicates three essential points : * Luke was not an eyewitness to Jesus [peace be with him]. How […] Compare Mark 11:12–14 with Luke 13:6–9. Mark: Rabbi, Matthew: Lord, Luke: Master. Luke may also have been writing in general to those who loved God. Some of the supposed reconstructions I’ve seen (based on Tertullian’s treatment) do include it. Based on internal evidence, it seems that Mark’s Gospel was the first to be written and circulate. His work is the product of a sophisticated theological mind, assisted by the Holy Spirit, of course. It is the mushrooming crowds that make them a necessity. 3 (January 1, 2013): 302–319. Matt 28:19-20: Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. Couldn’t they include the stories and sayings that they do simply because Jesus did and said those things?This view is known as the Independence hypothesis, and it is the position that most people hold—at least before they start looking closely at the issue. It is the shortest and the earliest of the four Gospels and is traditionally attributed to St. Mark, a disciple of St. Peter. The “defective copy” theory is more fanciful and far-fetched than other options and reading the anointing as a new creation of Mark’s ignores how seamlessly it fits into Mark’s context. Talbert also observes that with Luke’s narrative the disciples are supplied with a reason to believe in Jesus and follow him. Fantastic. Calling to follow, with the possibility of failure, is not an option in Luke: And the Lord said, Simon, Simon! And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men. But back to the temple. Walking on Water in Matthew's Gospel: "A Proper Doxological Ending"? Frank F. Judd Jr. and Gaye Strathearn (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2006), 92–107. In Luke, Peter has already seen the power of Jesus’ word when he exorcised a demon with a command and healed Peter’s mother-in-law with a rebuke. While it may not fit contemporary notions of responsible historical writing to adjust details to make a theological point, the desire to judge ancient writers by modern cultural expectations is to be avoided. However, neither of these theories is as likely as the interpretation offered in this paper, which is that Luke intentionally omitted the anointing story. For example, most interpreters take the woman’s unbound hair in Luke’s account as evidence that she was a prostitute. So Luke relocates the memorial from the telling of the anointing woman’s story to participation in the ritual meal. It may not feel complete. Luke 10:7). It reflects well on you. Mark’s anointing story profoundly transgresses cultural boundaries; while anointing could be a simple act of hospitality, in Mark’s text it has symbolic overtones that indicate that the woman has prophetic knowledge of Jesus’ kingly nature, priestly nature, and forthcoming death. Historically, Luke has been recognized as devoting special attention to the women in Jesus’ life; of the material unique to Luke, a disproportionate amount features female characters. While Mark wrote and circulated his Gospel before Luke wrote his, Luke didn’t edit the Gospel of Mark. It’s from then that the Nag Hammadi collection (hidden during a time of such persecution) dates. In fact, with this vignette, as with all of the scenes in his Gospel, Mark was doing something deliberate … This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Opportunity and motive alone don’t prove criminality. Of course, the U.S. election was rigged. I am also delighted to see you expose other important studies for your readers. In the case of Luke’s omission of Mark 14:3–9, we’ve considered why Luke might have omitted this story. Good job.”, “I’ve even been cited by atheists with approval (which I really don’t know how to take, so thanks, I think, but I’m not sure, Vrider (even though I feel like I need to take a shower now)).”, “Thanks for this detailed interaction! Scholars have long recognized that Luke’s Gospel shows a special concern for the poor. Luke’s Christology is different. Traditionally since the earliest times of the church, the Evangelists have been ascribed to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Matthew introduces us to the Magi, while the others do not. I refer to your site frequently as yet more names and publications pop up requiring an academic critique and helpful recommendations for book purchases. The traditional authors of the canonical Gospels—Matthew the tax collector, Mark the attendant of Peter, Luke the attendant of Paul, and John the son of Zebedee—are doubted among the majority of mainstream New Testament scholars.  They sometimes do not understand what Jesus is saying. Use the following two sets of passages to support your claim. Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught. Nonetheless, there is a narrative logic overlaying the incongruities. By omitting the withering of the fig tree and relocating the cursing of the fig tree and presenting it as a parable, Luke removes Mark’s bracketing of the cleansing of the temple with references to the fig tree and thus reshapes and neutralized the message concerning the temple. Just in case you`re confused, OTH is Trump, not Biden.  And while I’m not claiming to have solved the age-old problem of Mark’s “messianic secret” (which is: why Jesus sometimes commands people not to tell others about him), I have found that many of the knots unravel when one pays attention to family relationships. There are two separate ways in which Mark’s anointing story might have been a poor fit for this special sensitivity: first, Jesus’ statement that the poor would always be with them could be misconstrued as permission to ignore poverty; and second, the woman’s use of extremely expensive anointing oil could be seen as extravagant. The gospel of Mark begins with the baptism of Jesus which occurred just before Christ began His ministry. Explain how and why Luke may have edited Mark’s Gospel. Like St. Matthew, Luke derives much of his Gospel from that of St. Mark, generally following Mark’s sequence and incorporating about 50 percent of Mark’s material into his work.The Gospels of Luke and Matthew, however, share a good deal of material not found in The Gospel According to Mark, suggesting that the two evangelists may have had access to another common source.  Luke omits Mark’s anointing story in order to focus our gaze on other aspects of Jesus’ ministry. It is also possible that both Mark and Luke work from earlier (oral and/or written) traditions which lack the anointing story and only Mark chose to add the story to this location. This is why Mark wrote the gospel he did – he wanted to show that their suffering was not in vain because Jesus really is who He says He is and that He understands what it’s like to serve and suffer. There are some exceptions; see, e.g., Luke 11:27–28. He became a follower after the Lord’s death, when Paul taught him the gospel. And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him. And Jesus is very patient with them while they do so. More women appear in his universalist Gospel than any other one, and he had particular interest in Jesus’ female relatives, especially, Mary, the only woman to appear in both his Gospel and Acts. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. By Brian Chilton| The Four Gospels are the primary documents that describe the life and teachings of Jesus. Accordingly, when Jesus’ parents find him “sitting in the midst of the doctors, . Bruce N. Fisk. (See Brown, Luke, page 29.) By the way, my thanks to Neil for an ongoing superb job of exposing Jim’s review for what it is: a farcical and none too effective exercise in mythicism assassination, nothing to do with rational, let alone unbiased, scholarship. This post is going straight to the March 2016 Biblical Studies Carnival.”, “I want to say here that this site is so resourceful and highly on top of the most modern scholarship in the areas discussed here. This looks very much like the sort of thing we read in Exodus and Acts. See Luke 13:6–9, Luke 4:16–30, Luke 10:25–37. I believe Luke edited Mark 14 3-9 because he wanted to portray a clearer understanding of what it means to follow Jesus. Books and publications are covered with a range of perspectives with attempts at fair and accurate representation of others’ arguments and content (where there are occasional and inevitable missteps on that I notice Neil making corrections and apologies where warranted, which wins points with me). We can only note with intrigue that an anointing of Jesus by a woman is one of a relatively small group of stories that is found in all four Gospels. Some ask why the ointment, which was incredibly expensive, was wasted when it could have been sold and the money given to the poor. A third example concerns the woman’s understanding of who Jesus is: in Luke’s story, the woman understands enough about Jesus’ identity to anticipate his ability to forgive, while at the end of the story, the dinner guests are still wondering who Jesus is. Given the extensive verbal similarities as well as the pattern of omissions from Mark to Luke, this seems unlikely.  Notice that this phenomenon occurs in both Luke’s selection of stories and in Jesus’ spoken teachings. . Nonetheless, the combination of these factors suggests that Mark is envisioning the objectors to the anointing to include (some of) the disciples. Did two of the writers copy from one? Once more — Paul’s Letter a Rewritten Scripture? After rehearsing the story of “the thief on the cross” countless times from Luke’s gospel account (a story that, sadly, has been misused by many to justify that a person today can be saved without being baptized “for the remission of sins”—Acts 2:38; cf. They agree on the basics: that discipleship means following Jesus. However, it can be argued that there is a good case to be made that the Gospel writers exercised a stronger editorial hand as they shaped a theologically rich presentation of the life of Jesus. Like the seed in rocky soil they end their association with Jesus in fear, denial and betrayal. The theme of commissioning the disciples is elsewhere a prominent one in Luke’s gospel. Best, John”, — John Moles, September 2011 (personal email). S. Kent Brown minimizes this relationship to the point of suggesting that it reads as if Luke already had a draft of the gospel before he encountered Mark and that he draws on him only very little. This oversight has been corrected. So attention to women in Luke’s Gospel is definitely extensive, especially for its cultural context. Also, he probably based his gospel on Peter’s teachings. Luke simply wrote another testament. Mark thus condemns the temple as hopelessly corrupt. Because the later Gospels all clearly rely on Mark to some degree (Matthew and Luke are even considered "synoptic', 'similar eyed'/same view,) demonstrating that 'Mark' is a work of fiction unseats the validity of all the supposed "Gospel' accounts. Luke tells what happened to Jesus (Luke 1-3) before He was baptized – not Mark. Helpers are marshaled in response to the growing need for help given the escalating success of Jesus’ ministry. happen to be some of the most astute and well-read amateurs you can read on the internet on the subject of biblical historicity. Quite possible the mangled Luke “Marcion gospel” was merely an attempt by fledgling disciples to reproduce his lost work. Brodie: Beyond the Quest for the Historical Jesus, He then moves to Capernaum. Tags: Gospel of Luke, Gospel of Mark, Marcion, The Twelve Apostles, The Twelve Disciples. According to course materials (Bible, textbook, digital materials linked below, etc. Top Answer. Why? They are called not to go out into the world at first, but to be with Jesus. © 2014 Brigham Young University. An example of this from Brown: “In another example, we glimpse the youthful Jesus in the temple while his parents are frantically looking for him. Accomplishments of Luke . But that anointing signifies Jesus’ unique and exalted identity, which constitutes a very high Christology, but one very subtly presented. Vridar » Making of a Mythicist — ch 17 . Mark has highlighted its shortcomings. Next, both stories present the complaint against the anointing as ironic: in Mark, she is accused of “wasting” ointment, but the reader knows that ointment used to pronounce Jesus priest and king and to prophetically announce his suffering and death is anything but wasted. I just suggest that, from an LDS perspective, we would not want to dismiss that position on the basis that Luke would not have changed Mark’s account or because there are significant differences between the two texts. . Is it my imagination or is there really a sequential narrative development that I see here? 004894. After being baptized by John the Baptist, Jesus was tempted by the devil for 40 days and nights in the Judaean Desert.During this time, Satan came to Jesus and tried to tempt him. The temptation of Christ is a biblical narrative detailed in the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets. As Matthew and Luke used Mark, they made certain changes and alterations to its accounts. 1 The text of the Sermon on the Mount differs significantly between Luke and Matthew, and Mark again omits it. And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him. Marcionism was the dominant faith throughout the Mediterranean during much of the second century, and much of Asia Minor, Pontus being the home of Marcion, was for long a base of near total Marcionite domination. How and why would Luke have edited Mark […] Second, if Peter’s authority stands behind Mark’s Gospel, this would help to explain the Gospel’s acceptance by the church and also why Matthew and Luke would be willing to use it as a source for their Gospels. They are confirmed as his witnesses. Jesus was called by Peter differently in the three Gospels. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. I don’t always agree with them, but I respect their work.”, Thanks much for this book review. See Spencer W. Kimball, “The Blessings and Responsibilities of Womanhood,” March 1976 Ensign. And if I may make a general comment on the question of what an LDS commentary might have to offer to the larger world of biblical studies: I can think of few analytical approaches more fitting than a special attention to home and family dynamics in sacred text, especially when combined, as Brown has done here, with close attention to and respect for women’s stories. Primary documents that describe the life and teachings of Jesus ’ head differences between the two, ’! ‘ amateur ’ pejoratively internet on the Mount differs significantly between Luke Acts! Scholars Doubt the Traditional authors of the Nicodemus Stories in John would Luke edited. Change Mark and Luke ’ s anointing story in some slightly different ways than do the being. 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And he did this to express appreciation for your very elaborate review Matthew Wade Ferguson yet we not!
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