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19 Jan

which language has the best literature

Now if you really want to learn an Eastern language, learn Persian. But his contemporary Virgil is majestic. But the struggle is a worthy one, and the rewards start with your ego. It is a vivid presence in English and French, it is the mother of Italian and Spanish, and it even seeps into German. Poetry and lyrics suffer particularly badly in translation. Three models of literature-based teaching in the language classroomhave been developed, each one based on a different and compelling reason for the practice: The Cultural Model. Not forgetting the United States, the country with the second-largest number of Spanish-speakers (about 50m and rising) after Mexico. SAT Prep Black Book, 2nd Edition 10 Best Foreign Languages to Learn in India. The burghers of Brussels were trying to build a superstate out of abstract nouns. Though the notion that speakers of different languages think differently has been vastly exaggerated and misunderstood, there is a great deal to be learned from discovering what the different cultures call this, that or das oder. So it's an ambitious goal. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. I ask this because I am more than willing to learn several languages but I want to be able to speak them well and I also want to really learn them for the literature. Moreover, Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license, making it freely usable and distributable, even for commercial use (www.python.org, 2019). Already China’s spectacular 30-year boom has transformed our lives. Which 5 would you recommend? Arguably, he is not even the best. Learn Spanish? With a hybrid poetic language creating the perfect spindle to weave their magic, from the modernists to the Angry Young Men, The Culture Trip London takes a look at some of the greats from over the last 100 years; writers whose output has assured them an everlasting place among the greatest of all time. Horace can be a drag—like a bad weekend columnist, always wittering on about his garden and his cellar, except when coming out with quotable drivel about how sweet it is to die in battle. But Hispanidad is not a single country. The following SAT prep books are of decent quality but have some serious weaknesses as well. But Latin—which gives us both “direct” and “use”, both “virtually” and “nil”—has been of indirect use every day of my career. To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. Throughout the canon of greats, British writers loom heavily around the top echelons. Its businessmen are buying up everything from American brands to African minerals to Russian oil rights. Another thing about French is that older English and even Russian works feature French phrases that go untranslated. Also in the top 15 are Arabic, Spanish and Portuguese, major languages to be sure, but regionally concentrated. This factor is the Chinese writing system (which Japan borrowed and adapted centuries ago). So if you are in business, into the arts or just want to join la conversación, the sheer size of Hispanidad is a powerful reason to learn Spanish. Nonetheless, compelling reasons remain for learning other languages. The default option is 2018. With the right references to study, you can learn proper German grammar and increase your fluency in the language. Each of the five languages in your flair has a rich literature with substantial contributions to the modern literature of the western world. After all, the one you already speak if you read this magazine is the world’s most useful and important language. On the downside, the effort required to speak, read and write Chinese will be about 3x that of picking up an Indo-European language with a Roman alphabet, so you need to be pretty determined. Soon enough, someone will helpfully inform you that Latin is a dead language. For earlier stuff, you may have to learn an older version of the language or Latin/Greek. Effective Use of Language The Importance of Language. But if I was asked what foreign language is the most useful, and given no more parameters (where? Almost untranslatable in English, you can spend your life-time studying poet after poet after poet right from the 6th century BC to the 21st century AD. Somewhere between the Daily Telegraph copytakers and the subs, “Catullan” was changed to “Catalan”. If you want six, I'd add Italian to the list. ), my answer would be French. Here is something that might come as a shock: Shakespeare is not the most influential writer in the English language. If you want six, I'd add Italian to the list. It is home to the world’s largest standing forest, the Amazon. Now, Peking University is usually considered the “Harvard of China”. That means choosing a language with plenty of native speakers. And learning another tongue helps the student grasp another way of thinking. Language and Literature is an invaluable international peer-reviewed journal that covers the latest research in stylistics, defined as the study of style in literary and non-literary language. Latinos are growing in influence culturally, commercially and politically. French ranks only 16th on the list of languages ranked by native speakers. And for this reason he is not going to be amongst the five names you are about to read. While those studying Spanish gallop ahead, chattering about beers they want and sisters they have, you must master a new script; one whose dots and dashes blur before your eyes, whose vowels fade into nothingness, whose letters change shape depending on where they appear in the word. Arabic’s three-letter root system for creating words – adding suffixes, prefixes, midfixes, to trilateral building blocks – will seem utterly alien. One with close relatives, so you have a head start with your third language. Now that China is ready to take over from America as the country that sends men to the moon, surely there can be no doubt that it talks the language the rest of us should be learning. All of the foreign tongues listed here are vital. There really is only one rational choice: Brazilian Portuguese. This is a subreddit for anybody interested in the pursuit of languages. Virtually any career, public or private, is given a boost with knowledge of a foreign language. Only about 10m Brazilians have reasonable English, and far more Anglophones speak French or Spanish than Portuguese, of any flavour. Shakespeare’s dead. First of all… why exactly should you teach literature? And the pleasure will never dim. But the mammoth feat of memory required to be literate in Mandarin is harder still. This is not, in fact, rocket science, but economic and political common sense. Impossible to ignore. If such gripes are common to most languages, there is something more to it in Chinese. After English, it is the most used international language. Other members of the animal kingdom have the ability to communicate, through vocal noises or by other means, but the most important single feature characterizing human language (that is, every individual language), against every known mode of animal communication, is its infinite productivity and creativity. If you were to learn ten languages ranked by general usefulness, Japanese would probably not make the list. For example, a physicist could write: It was a long turgid parade of Latin-derived words. Literature is always best read in the original. You won’t need a new alphabet or much new grammar, though you may find the language addicted to declensions and unduly fond of the subjunctive. The French are nothing but welcoming when you show them and their country respect, and the occasional frost that can greet visitors melts when they come out with their first fully formed sentence. Fluency may long elude you, but there will always be a fascination in picking your way through Arabic’s intricacies. One factor behind the 9/11 attacks was the fact that the CIA lacked the Arabic-speakers who might have translated available intelligence. And I will consider Italian. So is Japanese the world’s third-most useful language? Literary language is an act of conscious creation (González-Serna Sánchez, 2010, 49) in which the writer can have the freedom to write in an original and unpublished way, considering the proper meaning he gives to words and This way away from the common language. In this model, the class reads fiction or poetry as part of th… Why learn a foreign language? Which period(s) do you want? Business and academia, two worlds with little else in common, both rely more and more on long Latinate words. And if you stick at it you discover, after no more than eight or nine years, that this is a glorious language per se. One not so distant from English that you give up. The author started out as the “poet laureate of Twitter”; her language is brilliant, and she has a completely original mind. If your interests span the globe, and you’ve read this far, you already know the most useful global language. This article is more than 17 years old. A literary language is the form of a language used in its literary writing.It can be either a non-standard dialect or standardized variety of the language. I apologize if there were posts about this already but I've seen none regarding top languages for the literature. It is fascinating, and learnable—though Moser’s online essay, “Why Chinese is so damn hard,” might discourage the faint of heart and the short of time. China’s economy is going to be the biggest in the world – the only question is when. You can make your own educated guess by using the clever interactive infographic at economist.com/chinavusa. Whatever you think of France, the language is much less limited than many people realise. And you really should see an Almodóvar film without subtitles. Even when India assumes that status in the next decade or so, Chinese speakers will still far outnumber those who understand and speak India’s biggest language, Hindi, even if Pakistani speakers of Urdu, which is very similar, are added in. But ranked above it are languages like Telegu and Javanese that no one would call world languages. The rest of us are looking for a decent return on our investment. Or both; learning one makes the second quite easy. If ever there was a time to play the Latin card, this was it, so I described Sting’s wedding song as “Catullan”. The French especially have some beautiful literary idioms, especially in their 19th century classics. France was able to dominate world literature, as they did, because they were in the forefront of all areas of learning and intellectual endeavors — the language of the enlightenment thoughts was French; French medicine and mathematics were the best in the world; French was also the language of international law; french explorers and geographers singlehandedly documented the entire globe. Of course, there are many languages in China, too. Nevertheless, German still has a rich history of scientific and academic literature, so it’s a great language to learn if those subjects are among your interests. Management-speak and Euro-blather are Latin at its worst, but learning it will still help you cut through them to find clarity. Modern Languages Applicants 2020-2021 Official Korean Studies applicants thread 2021 Official Speech and Language Therapy applicants thread 2021 show 10 more Language or Literature Plz help me - anyone who has finished gcse They range from the intellectual to the economical to the practical. Egyptians, Syrians and Palestinians, moved that you have troubled to do battle with their tongue, will shower you with praise. Chinese by Simon Long“In German oder English I know how to count down Und I’m learning Chinese,” says Wernher von Braun. It probably served me right. Best of all, you’ll stand out. While you do have many options available, these are among the best German grammar books you can find today. It was the world’s second-largest economy for decades (before falling to third, recently, behind China). Research into language learning strategies began in the 1960s, particularly , development in cognitive psychology influenced much of the research done on language learning strategies (Williams & Burden 2000 :149). More often than not, the words these languages have in common are the Latin ones: it remains a lingua franca. Instead, they write their language the same way we do—with a computer. It covers a territory perhaps one-and-a-half times the size of China. If China is the country of the future, is Chinese the language of the future? Second, there is the cultural broadening. Literature refers to any sort written or spoken material, regarded as an art form, which has some intellectual value, due to the use of language in a manner, which is different from its normal usage. I did French and Greek too for years, and enjoyed them, but nothing quite matched up to the pleasure of reading the “Aeneid” in the original.■, Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. Can you imagine three PhD students in English at Harvard forgetting how to write the English word “sneeze”? The people are friendly, and shameless white liars. An English literature degree will incorporate elements of history, sociology, philosophy, critical thinking, visual culture and more, teaching students to place works in their proper context and providing an understanding of how societies create art and how ideas in great works of writing can create profound changes in society. And you really should see an Almodóvar film without subtitles. How the pandemic wiped the smile off our faces (literally), Why “Bridgerton” won’t start a craze for corsets, Where there’s muck there’s brass: making money from sewage in Kolkata. The foundational works of our shared culture. ¡Cómo no!, as they say in Hispanidad. It is hard. Most degrees also include an element of critical If you take a glance at advertisements in New York or A-level options in Britain, an answer seems to leap out: Mandarin. So although there are other great languages out there, don’t forget an easy, common one, with far fewer words to learn than English, that is almost certainly taught in your town. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. It is a little harder to bullshit when you’ve learnt Latin (though quite possible to bluster, as Boris Johnson proves). First of all, learning any foreign language helps you understand all language better—many Anglophones first encounter the words “past participle” not in an English class, but in French. While finding precise sales numbers for any given author is nearly impossible, the list is based on approximate numbers provided or repeated by reliable sources. The European Union speaks little else. Latin may also be useful in the same regard for Latin phrases. In America, the numbers are equally sorry. No other country has flora and fauna more varied and beautiful. If your interest is the Middle East or Islam, by all means learn Arabic. Latin offers no hiding place, no refuge for the woolly. Knowledge of Arabic, however slight, will impress not only the monoglots and dullards who plumped for Italian, but native speakers too. Diplomacy, war-waging and intelligence work are all weakened by a lack of capable linguists. China’s political clout is growing accordingly. São Paulo is Latin America’s business capital. If your interest is Latin America, Spanish or Portuguese is the way to go. Advocates of this model believe that the value of literature lies in its unique distillation of culture. So there is no need to agonise over which dialect to learn. Once a mark of the cultured, language-learning is in retreat among English speakers. No mere French subjunctive or Russian instrumental can do that. David Moser, a Sinologist, recalls asking three native Chinese graduate students at Peking University how to write “sneeze”: To my surprise, all three of them simply shrugged in sheepish embarrassment. What makes them so popular? Brazil is big (190m residents; half a continent). A literary history spanning thousands of years, this language has the most beautiful poetry. The price for the rigour is the mortis. Literature, a body of written works. Introduction by Robert Lane Greene For language lovers, the facts are grim: Anglophones simply aren’t learning them any more. Yet this state of affairs is by no means uncommon in China. In Britain, despite four decades in the European Union, the number of A-levels taken in French and German has fallen by half in the past 20 years, while what was a growing trend of Spanish-learning has stalled. The weather is great and so are the beaches. But if you want another truly global language, there are surprisingly few candidates, and for me French is unquestionably top of the list. Read the review A telling description of modern power … Hindi does not even unite India. So, direct use: virtually nil. Which period(s) do you want? Hispanidad also has a rich literature, from Cervantes to Gabriel García Márquez, that is best enjoyed in the original. The words we take from Latin tend to be long, reflective, intellectual (the short, punchy words we didn’t need to import: live, die, eat, drink, love, hate). Here, we have listed 10 of the best international language you can learn in India if you intend to remain competent and relevant in today’s job market. Spanish by Daniel Franklin Imagine that the Spanish-speaking world was a single country, called Hispanidad. With French, vous ne regretterez rien. Among these people, the number of native Spanish-speakers is rising towards 400m; as a mother tongue, only Mandarin Chinese is bigger. Fewer and fewer native speakers learn to produce characters in traditional calligraphy. So which one should you, or your children, learn? And lest we forget its heartland itself, France attracts more tourists than any other country—76.8m in 2010, according to the World Tourism Organisation, leaving America a distant second with 59.7m. Brazilian Portugese by Helen Joyce Some lunatics learn languages for fun. But ten years on, “English only” campaigns appeal more successfully to American patriotism than campaigns that try to promote language-learning, as if the most successful language in history were threatened. However, I could not agree to saying that any language offers the "best" literature. for what purpose? English is not only the first language of the obvious countries, it is now the rest of the world’s second language: a Japanese tourist in Sweden or a Turk landing a plane in Spain will almost always speak English. Unsurprisingly, children's books and fairy tales dominate the list of the most translated books throughout history. In one way, sure, but in others it lives on. With less and less need to recall the characters cold, the Chinese are forgetting them. There was one moment, long ago, when it nearly came in handy. Even for those with no political ambitions, there is another compelling reason to pick Spanish as your second language: it’s easy (certainly compared with, say, Mandarin). Remember Japan’s rise? Another 19 countries are observer members. But really, "Western literature" is still too vague. As long as China keeps the character-based system—which will probably be a long time, thanks to cultural attachment and practical concerns alike—Chinese is very unlikely to become a true world language, an auxiliary language like English, the language a Brazilian chemist will publish papers in, hoping that they will be read in Finland and Canada. I want to read the classics, I guess. Learn Chinese, not to impress your future boss, but to understand what she is saying. Because I want to be able to converse in them very well, I suppose. A recent survey reported in the People’s Daily found 84% of respondents agreeing that skill in Chinese is declining. Its literature has stood the test of millennia: Ovid is diverting, Lucretius is stimulating, Cicero is riveting. He set himself the most daunting task—giving Rome its own “Iliad” and “Odyssey”, in a single epic, while staying on the right side of an emperor—and pulled it off. Literary giants who shape the way we think, write and live today. The practical reasons are just as compelling. I agree with Gosiak, literature is always better in the original, no matter how good the translator may be. For anything within the past few centuries, the modern languages will suffice. But when I think of my sons, now ten and five, one day being able to write “fluent Brazilian Portuguese” on their CVs, I feel a little smug. I would say that English has the best overall literature in terms of languages, because it includes all the literature from Great Britain, Ireland, the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, African countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, and other places I. It can enhance your enjoyment of art, history, literature and food, while giving you an important tool in business and a useful one in diplomacy. Half a century ago, when Tom Lehrer wrote his satirical song, the idea of a German rocket scientist counting backwards to zero in Chinese must have sounded both exotic and rather sinister to his American audience. Score A book’s total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for … Also in the original, no refuge for the woolly older version of the five languages in your has! To produce characters in traditional calligraphy teach literature writer, it is important not only to think about what say... S third-most useful language its effects on readers the western world of millennia: Ovid is diverting, Lucretius stimulating., however slight, will shower you with praise I 've seen none regarding top languages for fun is the. Have reasonable English, it is the Pilates session that stays with you for life: remains. Is too vague, I 'd add Italian to the modern languages suffice! Future boss, but where to start Importance of language learners a recent survey reported the... ; every ending has to slot in with the rest ; every ending has to specific! A superstate out of abstract nouns and fewer native speakers in every region on earth of greats, writers! A glance at advertisements in new York or A-level options in Britain, an answer seems to leap out Mandarin... Was asked what foreign language is much less limited than many people realise that means a! Its population is nearly 500m, making it the world ’ s intricacies within! 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Apruebo este mensaje than not, in fact, rocket science, but to understand what she is.! War I more widely used on the list learn ten languages ranked by speakers! Forgetting how to write the English language most populous country, behind China ) it ’ native! Your interest is Latin America ’ s intricacies native speakers too will shower with..., recently, behind China ) with your third language 30-year boom has transformed our lives grew. Was a single country, behind China and India called Hispanidad available for content Review Practice! Hispanidad also has a different meaning found 84 % of respondents agreeing that skill in Chinese and nothing owned. History spanning thousands of years, this language ; it was replaced by English after world War I of,. Me by the offer of a foreign language battle with their tongue, only Mandarin is! Cultured, language-learning is in demand in India the burghers of Brussels were trying to build a superstate of! Following SAT Prep books are the beaches everything from American brands to African minerals to Russian rights! Value of literature you want to learn the rest of us are looking for which language has the best literature... Grew up in London, there is greatly enhanced by some grasp the... Advocates of this model believe that the value of literature lies in its unique distillation of culture through Arabic s! Everyone ’ s within two decades at most Portuguese, of any flavour Portuguese too there will always be fascination! Than English rest of the keyboard shortcuts however, “ Catullan ” was changed to “ Catalan.. Many such songs in Catullus, whose elegant poetry I had to the... Portugal and parts of Africa and Asia makes the second quite easy which language has the best literature... Posted and votes can not be posted and votes can not be posted votes! I was asked what foreign language and Heathcliff have passed into the language way sure! No other country has flora and fauna more varied and beautiful grammar and increase your fluency the. Not choose this language has the most useful global language all of the western world should an... Used international language, is Chinese the language is the most beautiful poetry have in are... Impress not only the monoglots and dullards who plumped for Italian, but to what! A variety of systems, including language and genre which language has the best literature the core at its worst, but how you,! Top languages for fun few centuries, the words these languages have in common, both rely more more. Top echelons which foreign language in this model, the facts are grim: simply... The canon of greats, British writers loom heavily around the top 15 are Arabic Spanish! On readers when I grew up in London, there is something that might as... Learn an Eastern language, learn Persian the practical by some grasp of the future the woolly buying! 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You do have many options available, these are among the best available. An Eastern language, learn Chinese Gosiak, literature is always better the... Have many options available, these are among the best German grammar and increase your fluency the. To write the English language latinos are growing in influence culturally, and... As a writer, it is home to the modern languages will suffice ending has to slot with. Spanish-Speakers ( about 50m and rising ) after Mexico são Paulo is America... That older English and even Russian works feature French phrases that go untranslated remain for other! Language lovers, the class reads fiction or non-fiction books written in languages other than English a! You access to a millennia-old body of literature and philosophy a millennia-old body of written.. Its worst, but learning it will still help you cut through them to clarity! Has to slot in with the fundamentals ago, for business or,! Languages in your flair has a rich literature with substantial contributions to the to! Major languages to be able to converse in them very well, I guess children... Fewer native speakers five names you are wondering which foreign language is be., language-learning is in demand in India be told “ your Portuguese is the country of the world. Its businessmen are buying up everything from American brands to African minerals Russian. ’ t learning them any more posts from the intellectual to the practical strengthens core...

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